The intellectual’s obligation to society approximates that of the artist: to present to it a vision of something that can be rather than what is, assuming of course, that the “can be” is based always on a mutual respect for each other’s freedom. Morality has very little to do with people’s sex lives and the conditions in which they live, despite what the averagely smug bourgeois citizen might think about “beatniks.” True morality implies a tolerance for other attitudes and modes of life, not necessarily an endorsement of them. The major immorality is in insisting (by coercion blackmail, or law) that others live and think as you do.
The rebel, therefore, fills an important function in that he helps to keep society mobile, challenges or upsets the status quo (“the only constant is change”) and always by his example promulgates the notion that there are alternatives.
It is my belief that nothing is holy; nothing is above challenge and examination, and that the most firmly entrenched ideas, institutions, and individuals are most in need of it. That is what the Underground is all about, and that is why, whatever its label, there will always be an Underground.
Wilcock on Underground Establishment